Chamber Magazine

2016 Cape Ann Guide

2012 Cape Ann Guide – Experience Cape Ann…serving Essex, Gloucester, Manchester-by-the-Sea and Rockport. Cape Ann Chamber of Commerce.

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Page 7 of 75

Experience Cape Ann 2016-2017 8 fsherman Howard Blackburn, adrift in his dory in a raging snow storm, rowed towards land for fve days, his hands frozen to the oars. He survived the ordeal but lost all his fngers. Despite this handicap he later sailed alone across the Atlantic twice, in his sloop Great Western (on display at the Cape Ann Museum). The names of 5,368 lost fshermen, many from the Maritimes, Italy and Portugal, are inscribed on nine bronze plaques where the famous Fisherman at the Wheel statue stands looking out to sea. Gloucester fshermen continue to brave the seas today, making the city the oldest fshing community in the nation. Gloucester has a thriving cultural heritage too. Books have been written and movies made of and in Gloucester (among them Kipling's Captains Courageous and Junger's The Perfect Storm), and the city is featured in the popular TV series Wicked Tuna. Rocky Neck, home to one of the oldest working Art Colonies in America, protects the inner harbor. There, artists like Theresa Bernstein, John Sloan, Marsden Hartley, Edward Hopper, Frederick J. Mulhaupt and many others found both a home and inspiration, and continue to do so. Manchester- by-the-Sea Two years before Gloucester became Gloucester, the community of 63 people residing in an area of Salem known as Jeffryes Creeke requested the right to form their own settlement. This was granted in 1645 at which time they were also permitted to change the name from Jeffryes Creeke to Manchester. In 1989 it was changed again to Manchester-by- the-Sea. In the nineteenth century the town was home to about 40 captains, masters of Boston and New York who owned ships and brigs trading the world over. The Manchester Historical Museum is housed in the home of one of these men, Captain Richard Trask who was master of the St. Petersburg. She was the largest ship ever built in Massachusetts at the time of her launching in 1839 and under Captain Trask carried cotton from New Orleans to Russia where it was traded for fne white feathers. In the early 1800s, fne cabinet- making rose to the fore as Manchester's primary trade. At one point there were 43 cabinet shops, factories and mills working in the town, sending fne furniture to the houses of Boston, New York and as far south as New Orleans. With the arrival of the railroad in the mid-1800s, residents of Boston and points south began to view the town as a summer retreat. As cabinet-making waned, the number of summer visitors rose with the building of summer cottages and the opening of seaside hotels. Delighted by the fresh air and sea views, summer visitors from as far west as Chicago and as far south as St. Louis, as well as foreign princes, ambassadors and theatrical stars of the day, focked to the town. Today Manchester-by-the-Sea is enjoyed for Singing Beach and its picturesque downtown. And its beautiful harbor supports marinas and a commercial lobstering feet. Essex Originally known as Chebacco, Essex was part of Ipswich from its settlement in 1634. In 1719 Chebacco became the Second Parish of Ipswich and was set off as its own town in 1819, when it was renamed Essex. From its earliest days the community was known for its boat building – ©Cape Ann Museum Cabinet Shop Workers ©Manchester-by-the-Sea Historical Museum Coolidge Point Marble Palace ©Manchester-by-the-Sea Historical Museum Cape Ann: An American Story

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